The first record of the Pendred name is found on one of only four gold coins ever found in Britain following the Roman withdrawal. Dating from the time of the Anglo-Saxon King Offa, this unique coin is kept in the coins and medals department of the British museum.

Produced in the 10th Century when little or no gold coin remained in circulation.
The Moneyer Pendred was known to work in Offa’s middle period and must have been a trusted and respected servant of the king.

According to ‘Oxford Ancestors’ research there was a total of only 168 Pendreds living in the UK in 2004. In the first national census of Great Britain in 1804 there were slightly less Pendreds in the UK. 

This may indicate that there is a very good chance we are descended from Pendred the moneyer.

My research has traced my family line back to the village of Titchmarsh in Northamptonshire where William Pendred (known as William of Titchmarsh) had farmed and lived. William’s parents were William Pendred of Stow & Elizabeth (ne Freeman). They were married on the 4th October 1740 at All Saints Church, Buckworth, Huntingdon, England. 

William’s parents may have been Joseph and Elizabeth, who married in Hertford in 1715. (click here for Family page1)

The records office at Huntingdon have a will of William Pendred dated 14th August 1783 and noted on 19th October 1784 that he had died. He was referred to as a farmer of Kimbolton. (click here for Family page 2)

William’s grandparents may have been Joseph and Elizabeth married at Saint Andrew’s church in Hartford in 1715. They had six children, Samuel christened on the 20th June 1716, Mary, James and Samuel christened on the 2nd March 1718, and finally William whose birthdate I have not found.
(click here for Family page 3)

William Pendred is recorded as William of Stow and appears to have had only one son, William (of Titchmarsh) who married Mary Edis at Saint Mary’s church, Leighton, Bromswold in Huntingdon on the 27th September 1767. They had three children, Groom (b.1796). Isaac and Thomas (b.1772).

Thomas, from whom I am descended married Charlotte Gooch at Saint Edmund’s church in Hargrave, Suffolk on the 13th December 1796. They had six children. William (b.1797). Catherine (b.27th May 1798). John (b.8th April 1802). William (b.26th February 1799). Samuel (b.22nd June 1814) and Thomas (b.18th May 1800). (click here for Family page 4)

William Pendred was the miller at Hartest in Suffolk for six years from 11th December 1799 until 11th October 1805.
The site and brick base of the old windmill still stands on the hill above Hartest.

A note in the Suffolk Records Office, Bury St. Edmunds, REf.HB516/88/7 reads:-

11 Dec 1799.  Authority to steward to enter satisfaction on the conditional surrender of property made by the copyhold tenant James King to Abraham Goldsmith deceased of Cockfield, Suffolk, Yeoman.  The Manor of Hartest. 
To 14 March 1797 by James King to William Pendred of Titchmarsh, Northampton.  

Suffolk Records office Ref. HB516/88/6 

10 May 1798 Admission of William Pendred on the surrendered of property by James King. Comprising. Two pieces of arable land consisting of 3 acres abutting on Occalds Field, A windmill, messuage, barn, stable and 4 acres. Copyhold of the manor of Hartest. Previously rented by John King in 1764 and then on his death to James King in 1774. 

In 1798 the land was transferred to William Pendred of Titchmarsh (Northants) Yeoman. On 11 October 1805 he gave up the lease for two pieces of arable land, 3 ac abutting upon a field called 'Occolds' from the Manor of Hartest and it was passed to Peter Sadler of Hartest in 1807.  The position of this land was described as:- In part and lands some times of John Goult in part East and lands sometimes of John Hall etc. also a tenement or Message with barn, stable and one close of sand and pasture consisting of 4 ac abutting fields Green West with premises the said William Pendred had and took up to him Will Property in Stow Catworth and Easton.

Their son Thomas married Ann Smith at All Saints church, Whickhambrook, Suffolk in 1835 and in the same year, moved to 6 Wells Terrace, Wells Road, Sydenham in the county of Kent. Sydenham is now part of Greater London and is noted as the site of the ‘Crystal Palace’ formally built as a temporary structure in Hyde Park, Central London, for the Great Exhibition in1851.
(click here for Family page 5)

In 1881 Thomas and Ann were living at Ann's Cottage, 31 Coombe Road, Upper Sydenham, Kent. Thomas was buried at Ladywell Cemetery Grave 1344 Plot B on the 8th November 1879. Thomas was a domestic gardener and had six children by Ann, they were Hannah, Eliza, Ann, Sarah, Emma and George Thomas who was christened at Saint Bartholomew’s church, Sydenham on the 19th January 1845.

George Thomas followed his father’s profession and later became head gardener at Ingress Abbey in Greenhithe in Kent where he met and married Anne Nettleingham at Saint Mary’s Church, Stone on the banks of the river Thames on 5th June 1875. They lived in the gardeners lodge and had five children, George Thomas (1876) Anne Elizabeth (1878). Lucy Emily (1886). Ernest John (1878) and Edwin Henry (1881). (click here for Family page 6)

My grandfather Edwin Henry Pendred grew up on the banks of the river Thames in the shadow of the The Incorporated Thames Nautical Training College, HMS Worcester. He must have been greatly influenced by the naval college and the ships passing up and down the river as when he grew up he went to sea. He joined the Watts Watts Steamship Company working his way up the ranks eventually becoming a Captain. (click here for Family page 7)

So far, I have found Edwin Henry’s seaman’s records, as follows:-

SS Chatham 729 Second Officer 15.03.1906. South America. (age 25)

SS Lewisham 435 Second Officer 20.08.1906. South America 12.04.1907  

SS Richmond 418 Master 08.12.1910. Foreign 08.06.1911. United States 24.11.1911 United States 22.09.1912.  United States & West Indies 26.10.1912  Grounded: got off without assistance. 28.11.1912  Baltic & United States 14.02.1913  United States & West Indies 30.04.1913  United States & West Indies 12.12.1913  United States & West Indies  03.02.1914  Mediterranean & United Kingdom 13.03.1914  Collision in Cardiff dock. 6.03.1914 South America 
30.12.1914 Foreign.

05.07.1915 SS Richmond sunk by shell fire from a German submarine near the Wolf rock off the Silly Isles.
At the time she was carrying timber pit props from Gulf Port (New Orleans USA) possibly for use in the Great War 1914 -1918.Joseph_%26_Elizabeth_-_1.htmlWilliam_%26_Elizabeth_-2.htmlWilliam_%26_Mary_-3.htmlThomas_%26_Charlotte_-_4.htmlThomas_%26_Ann_Smith_-_5.htmlGeorge_Thomas_%26_Ann_-_6.htmlEdwin_%26_Charlotte_-_7.html

Sydenham Pendred Lines

When Italy entered the war in June 1940, 203 Squadrons Blenheims, flew reconnaissance and fighter patrols over the Red Sea until April 1941 when it was moved to Egypt and Palestine. Stanley was reported missing (FB) on 26/8/40. Later he was recorded as 'Killed in action' in a Blenheim VI, whilst bombing an Italian ammunition train that blew up after it had been hit.  The Thames Merchant Navy Training College 'HMS Worcester' was located near to Ingress Park & Abbey. Later the college incorporated Ingress Abbey and part into the college. He probably was never told that this was where his father had been borne. The son of the head gardener. In 1999 Ingress Park was sold to Crest Homes by the Marine Society, London. Mr Charles Turner,Dept Director of the Marine Trust. 202 Lambeth Road, London SE17JW.  Stanley is remembered on his Mother & Father's gravestone at Beckenham Cemetery.

He joined 302 Squadron in Basra, Iraq. Plaque available from the RAF Museum slide No. 30175. Stanley served with 201 (G.R.) Sqdn. Iraq from 28/1/38 to 1/10/38. He moved to 203 Sqdn. Communications Flight on 14/7/39. 203 (Flying Boat) Sqdn. was equipped with four engine biplane flying boats built by Short Bros. Belfast. NI. Singapore III's first entered service in January 1935. Their four engines were of the 'Push-Pull' variety in tandem. Some remained in service until the outbreak of the Second world war when they were replaced by Sunderland I flying boats, the RAF's first monoplane Flying Boat. 203 Squadron was formed on 14 May 1914. Known as the Eastchurch Squadron RNAS. On the 24 August 1936 it was based in Basra, Iraq. On 2nd. September 1939 it was moved to Aden / Isthmus. On 15 February 1940 the Squadron moved to Sheikh Othman being re-equipped with Blenheim Mk I bombers.

In May 1940 these were changed for Blenheim Mk IV'. 18 May 1940 the Squadron moved to Khormakas det Berbera. The Squadron returned to Aden on the outbreak of the 2nd World War and began the conversion to Blenheim bombers in December 1939, receiving its own aircraft in May 1940.

HMS Worcester and the proximity of Ingress Park to the river Thames undoubtedly fueled Edwin's interest in the sea and the eventual education of his youngest son Stanley on HMS Worcester.

Stanley was the only son to receive a private education at what was considered a public school. According to my father and Uncle George, their father never told his children that he had grown up at Ingress Abbey, the son of the head gardener. Having risen to the rank of Captain in the Watts Watts Steamship line. Edwardian social considerations probably dictated that he should not divulge his so considered humble birth. Even though he sent his youngest son to MNS Worcester, it would appear that he never took his other sons to visit their brother at the college. And none of them knew that he had grown up in the vicinity of the college.

Stanley Pendred was enrolled at the Thames Merchant Navy Training College - HMS Worcester on 25th Sept 1930. Commander Gordon Steel RN/RNR VC was Captain & Superintendent at that time. (1929 - 1957).  Report following the Michlemass term of 1930.  S.C.Pendred.  Div 1, Eng. B, Conduct very good. Left Worcester on 28 July 1932. He did not take the final examination. His report noted 'A good average' Certificate ordinary first class.

After Worcester Stanley joined the New Zealand Shipping Company as a cadet. He obtained his 2nd. Mates ticket on the 16th December 1932. In 2011,

I visited the Nautical museum in Auckland, New Zealand to research his merchant navy record. I found a lot of interesting information about the ‘Shipping Company’ as it was known in New Zealand. Also that all the surviving crew records are held in the Nautical museum in Greenwich, England!

On the 28th. July 1936 Stanley transferred from the Merchant Navy to the Royal Air Force. His interests are recorded on his RAF record as Cricket, Rowing & Rugby. His service Number was 37999. Graded Flying Officer on 13 July 1937 (3669. N150/39). On the 9/10/37 he moved to RAF Calshot in Southampton Water where he took a course to transfer to flying boats. At that time it was a requirement that flying boat pilots had a naval qualification because when on the water the flying boat was in fact classed as a boat.

In his career Stanley flew the following aeroplanes:-


    Bz Hart Audax (f1587),

    Anson (f392),

    Singapore 111’s (ACR/78) flying boat

    Scapa flying boat (F292)

    (Possibly the Sunderland Mk1 flying boat)

    Blenheim Mk I Multi-role fighter/bomber

Edwin married Charlotte Eliza Clifton in 1812 and lived at 67 Tansfield Road, Sydenham, Kent. I have found that Charlotte grew up in Richmond, Surrey, The daughter of George and Matilda Clifton. George was a barge horse driver in the river Thames. Charlotte was a domestic servant and took a job in a big house in Sydenham. I wonder whether if was a house where George Thomas worked in his years after leaving Ingress Abbey. Perhaps he introduced Charlotte to his nautical son at a local social event.

Edwin and Charlotte had three boys:-

    George Edwin Richmond born on the 25th August 1912.

    Norman Lewis William born on the 3rd February 1914. (my father)

    Stanley Clifton born on the 18th September 1915.

In 1891 when Edwin was 10 years old, the Incorporated Thames Nautical Training College HMS Worcester had been at Greenhithe for 20 Years. The ship HMS Worcester 2 had been launched in 1860 as a 2 deck with 86 guns. Named 'Frederick William' she was moored in the river Thames off Ingress Park .

In 1922 Ingress Abbey and its park was put up for sale and purchased by the Nautical Training College. For some time the famous Tea clipper ‘Cutty Sark’ was moored alongside and also used by the college. Over 5000 boys received their nautical training in Worcester 2 until it was replaced by a new ship in 1945. The college closed on 30 June 1989

SS Ascot 1569 Master 08.07.1915 Foreign 05.10.1915 Mediterranean 19.11.1915 East Indies, Mauritius & Red Sea 14.09.1916 Foreign 21.12.1916 Foreign 26.03.1917 Foreign. 14.08.1917 Foreign 07.01.1918 Foreign 20.08.1918 Foreign 02.04.1919 Mediterranean 25.06.1919 China, Japan, Oriental Archipelago. 29.08.1919 Med & Cape Colonies, Ascension & St Helena. 10.10.1919  Cape Colonies, Ascension & St Helena & Med. 25.11.1919    Med & South America 10.04.1920  United States 08.05.1920  Cape Colonies & Med. 06.12.1921  Coastal trading Inc Holland, Belgium & France. 06.03.1923  China, Japan, Oriental Archipelago & East Indies 22.08.1923  China, Japan, Oriental Archipelago & North Pacific 01.12.1923  North Pacific & West Coast of North America. 15.05.1924 North Pacific & West Coast of North America. SS Twyford 86839 Master                              26.08.1924 Foreign 30.08.1924  Foreign SS Maidenhead 77310 Master      12.11.1924  Mediterranean 26.12.1924  Mediterranean & United States 24.01.1925  United States & West Indies SS Maidenhead 77310 Master     17.10.1925  United States & West Indies 07.04.1926  United States & West Indies.

SS Laleham 76303 Master 22.10.1926  United States 17.03.1927  Mediterranean 03.06.1927  Mediterranean 29.09.1927  British North America, Greenland & Iceland 25.10.1927  British North America, Greenland & Iceland 13.12.1927  South Pacific & Mediterranean 12.05.1928  South Pacific & Mediterranean SS Watford 87953 Master 17.08.1928  South Pacific & Mediterranean 15.10.1928  South Pacific & Mediterranean 05.04.1930  South Pacific & Mediterranean 01.04.1931  South Pacific & Mediterranean 31.12.1931  South America 19.04.1932  British North America, Greenland & Iceland 01.07.1932  Coastal trading, British North America, Greenland. 12.09.1932 SS Watford wrecked at Cape Perey, two miles from Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada, during a gale. Broken amidships In 1906 Edwin Henry Pendred obtained his Masters certificate No. 001902 for Steamships after serving on the

SS Chatham built in 1898 for the Watts Watts Steamship Company and the SS Lewisham as second officer. His first command was the SS Richmond Dec 1910 when it was sunk off Soilly Inlen by shell-fire from a German submarine on 5 July 1915. He then commanded the SS Ascot from July 1915 to May 1924. The SS Twyford from 26 to 30 August 1924.

SS Maidenhead from Nov 1924 to April 1925.

SS Layeham from October 1926 to April 1926.

And then his last ship the SS Watford from August 1928 until September 12 1932 when it was wrecked after being broken amidships in a storm at Cape Perey in the St Lawrence Seaway, Novascocia, Canada.

According to a story told by my father, Edwin ran away to sea, in the age of sail at an early age. One day I hope to find out what he did in those years before his seaman’s record shows him as a second officer, age 25 on the S.S.Chatham.

Sydenham Pendred family line - Recorded by Christopher Pendred.